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Sending Inbound IDocs from a SAP Program

by Biswa | Tuesday, November 04, 2008 in , |

In most cases, the inbound IDoc to SAP is generated by an external system (say XI) and passed on to SAP. The inbound IDoc is then processed using the process code / corresponding function module. But in certain cases, due to the client requirements, the interface program needs to be designed in such a way that the Inbound IDoc originates from within the same SAP system i.e. both the sending and receiving system are the same.

Now mostly in such requirements, we generally generate the IDoc after reading data from a flat file. The file is passed to the application server by a middleware (say XI). The SAP interface program reads the file from the application server and then starts processing the data. To create the inbound IDoc, we need to use the Function Module ‘IDOC_INBOUND_WRITE_TO_DB’. This creates and saves the IDoc to the database.

The control record information for the inbound IDoc is passed to pc_control_record (Similar to EDIDC – IDoc control record). In the control records, all relevant information like status (53); receiver port, receiver partner no.; sender port; sender partner no etc are populated. All the IDoc data is passed to internal table t_data_records (Similar to EDIDD – IDoc control record). The IDoc data is read from the incoming file and processed and then populated to internal table itab_data_records_db with segment name etc.

The inbound process data is passed to the function module.

CALL FUNCTION 'IDOC_INBOUND_WRITE_TO_DB'
exporting
pi_do_handle_error = 'X'
pi_return_data_flag = ' '

importing
pe_idoc_number = control_record_db_in-docnum
pe_inbound_process_data = wa_inbound_process_data_in

tables
t_data_records = itab_data_records_db
changing
pc_control_record = control_record_db_in
exceptions
idoc_not_saved = 1
others = 2.


Now if the inbound IDoc has been successfully created and we want to process the same, the function module ‘IDOC_START_INBOUND’ can be used. Here we pass the inbound process data containing the IDoc process code and event code to wa_inbound_process_data_in. The status and release are added to the control records internal table i_control_records.

CALL FUNCTION 'IDOC_START_INBOUND'
exporting
pi_inbound_process_data = wa_inbound_process_data_in
pi_called_online = 'X'
succ_show_flag = 'X'

tables
t_control_records = i_control_records
exceptions
others = 1.

If we have no exception, then the IDoc will be successfully processed and have status ‘53’.


Link to this post on our new blog : http://www.sapyard.com/sending-inbound-idocs-from-a-sap-program/

5 comments:

  1. Raju on January 8, 2011 at 9:09 PM

    Biswa,

    There was this exact requirement in my current project..

    This tip was very helpful..

    Thanks

    Raju

     
  2. arun on January 21, 2011 at 8:03 PM

    I found its really very meaning ful DOC. tanks dear

    Arun Kayal

     
  3. alenlee on January 16, 2015 at 1:39 PM

    Nice one .. Thanks for the document

     
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